# Physics

What makes the world go ‘round? Physicists are the key.

### We offer a unique learning environment with one-on-one interaction with Physics professors.

In fact, the student-to-professor ratio in the Department of Physics at Laurentian University is currently ranked as one of the best in the country.

Our students are immersed in an international and vibrant physics community and can do world-class research beginning in the first year on campus or in nearby facilities that include SNOLAB and the Northeast Cancer Centre, Health Sciences North. With all these reasons, our students have the best chance of meeting and exceeding their academic goals.

More information about the on-going research and activities can be found on the website of the Department of Physics.

#### Academic Advisor

##### Christine Kraus

Telephone: 705.675.1151 x 4337

Email: ckraus@laurentian.ca

Office: Secretary: Curtis St. Jean, 705.675.1151 x 2220, cy_stjean@laurentienne.ca

**Delivery Method:**On campus

**Program Language:**English

**Delve into the science that explains the world around us. **

Physics is the study of matter, energy, space and time, and of the relations between them. It describes the universe at various levels (particles, nuclei, atoms, solids, liquids, living objects, planets, stars, galaxies) and challenges and extends our understanding about all existing things.

**Apply fundamental concepts into cutting-edge technologies.**

Physicists of today are involved in all aspects of the modern technologies. The wealth of concepts offered in the program form individuals with multiple capabilities, highly desired in both academic research and industry. This includes, but is not limited to, critical thinking to solve problems, software development, advanced mathematical tools, as well as data science and analysis.

**Specialize your studies.**

As physics covers a vast spectrum of diverse environments, it provides a broad and solid base for many fields of research and offers infinite career opportunities. At Laurentian, physics students can also articulate their studies with majors and minors in other streams, for example:

- Chemistry
- Biochemistry
- Computer science
- Mathematics
- Biomedical physics

**PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS**

- Three or four-year (Honours) programs lead to a Bachelor of Science in Physics
- Physics faculty members are engaged in astroparticle physics research at SNOLAB, a world-class and world-renowned research facility that helps scientists understand the origins and nature of the universe. This lab, located 25 kilometres from the main Sudbury campus and two kilometres underground, is one of the world’s premier laboratories for the study of dark matter, neutrinos and supernovas. Interested students can complete a fourth-year undergraduate thesis in this area.
- Interested students can include 12 credits of health physics courses and complete a fourth-year undergraduate thesis in this area.
- The program features courses in electricity and magnetism, mechanics, thermodynamics, theoretical physics, and quantum mechanics.
- Research funding provides for summer job opportunities in particle astrophysics, medical physics, and theoretical physics. Part-time research assistantships are also possible during the terms.
- A Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Physics and a Bachelor of Science in Radiation Therapy are also available.

**Ontario High School Applicants**

1 grade 12 English U/M course

1 grade 12 4U Advanced Functions

1 grade 12 U/M Science course

1 additional grade 12 U/M Math or Science course

2 other grade 12 U/M courses

A minimum overall average of 70% in the 6 best grade 12 U/M courses

Additional information for applicants who have completed Advanced Placement courses.

Additional information for applicants who have completed the International Baccalaureate.

**Applicants from outside an Ontario High School **

Canadian High School Applicants from outside Ontario

#### For Current Students

The degree options listed below are for the upcoming academic year, not the current academic year. If you are a current student looking for which courses to take in order to complete your degree options from a previous academic year's curriculum, please consult with an academic advisor.

**Bachelor of Science (4 year) in Physics**

Total 120 credits

Students must follow these __regulations__ in order to meet graduation requirements for the BA or B.Sc.

**Specialization in Physics**

First Year

CHMI 1006E/F General Chemistry I*

CHMI 1007E/F General Chemistry II

COSC 1046E Computer Science I

COSC 1047E Computer Science II

MATH 1036E/F Calculus I**

MATH 1037E/F Calculus II

MATH 1057E/F Linear Algebra I

PHYS 1006E/F Introductory Physics I

PHYS 1007E/F Introductory Physics II

3 elective credits#

*Students lacking grade 12 4U Chemistry must first take CHMI 1041.

**Students lacking grade 12 4U Advanced Functions or who have attained a grade of less than 60% must first take MATH 1912.

Second Year

PHYS 2006E Introduction to Electricity and Electronics

PHYS 2016E Modern Physics

PHYS 2017E Introduction to Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 2117E Experimental Physics

PHYS 2137E Modern Optics

PHYS 2406E Mechanics I

PHYS 2407E Mechanics II

MATH 2037E/F Advanced Calculus

MATH 2066E/F Introduction to Differential Equations

STAT 2246E/F Statistics for Scientists

Third Year

PHYS 3017E Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 3036E Classical Thermodynamics

PHYS 3107E Theoretical Physics II

PHYS 3116E Advanced Laboratory I

PHYS 3416E Introductory Quantum Mechanics

PHYS 3466E Theoretical Classical Physics

12 elective credits#

Fourth Year

PHYS 4067E Instrumentation

PHYS 4115E Research and Thesis (6 credits)

PHYS 4406E Electromagnetic Theory

PHYS 4417E Advanced Quantum Mechanics

15 elective credits#

#Elective credits selection. A total of 30 elective credits must be chosen according to the following:

- Elective courses should be chosen in consultation with the Academic Advisor;
- Maximum of 21 credits at 1000 and/or 9100 level courses;
- Minimum of 12 credits from the Arts;
- Minimum of 15 credits must be chosen from lists A and B with a minimum of 6 credits from list A.

**List A**

PHYS 4106E – Topics in Theoretical Physics

PHYS 4426E – Introductory Solid State Physics

PHYS 4437E – Statistical Thermodynamics

PHYS 4457E – Nuclear and Particle Physics

PHYS 4707E – Advanced Laboratory Project

PHYS 4816E – Computational Physics II

PHYS 4995E – Directed Studies in Physics

**List B**

PHYS 1905E – General Astronomy

PHYS 2506E – Medical Radiation Physics

PHYS 2606E – Biophysics of Fluids

PHYS 2616E – Physics of Hearing and Vision

PHYS 3046E – Mechanical Properties of Solids and Fluids

PHYS 3306E – Radiobiology and Radiation Protection

PHYS 3506E – Physics of Medical Imaging

PHYS 3507E – Physics of Radiation Therapy

PHYS 3606E – Chaos and Dynamical Diseases

PHYS 3616E – Use of Lasers and Fibre Optics in Health Sciences

PHYS 3706E – Physics Laboratory Project II

PHYS 3816E – Computational Physics I

PHYS-3906E – Topics in Astronomy and Space Science

PHYS-3907E – Astronomy Research Project

PHYS-3916E – Foundations of Astronomy and the Physical Sciences

CHMI 3536E/F Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

CHMI 3537E – Introduction to Quantum Chemistry

CHMI 4576E Statistical Thermodynamics and Chemical Kinetics

CHMI 4597E Computer-Aided Molecular Simulations and Chemical Design

COSC/MATH 3416E – Numerical Methods I

GEOL 4956E – Geophysics

MATH 3046E – Complex Analysis

MATH 3236E – Probability and Statistics

MATH 4067E – Mathematical Theory of Dynamical Systems

MATH 4166E – Methods of Applied Mathematics

** Many of these courses are not offered each year, please consult your academic advisor for proposed course offerings

Note: Students may not exceed 48 credits at the 1000 or 9100 level in their degree program.

**Major in Physics**

PHYS 1006E Introductory Physics I

PHYS 1007E Introductory Physics II

36 upper year Physics credits from the following: *

PHYS 2006E Introduction to Electricity and Electronics

PHYS 2016E Modern Physics

PHYS 2017E Introduction to Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 2117E Experimental Physics

PHYS 2137E Modern Optics

PHYS 2406E Mechanics I

PHYS 2407E Mechanics II

PHYS 3017E Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 3036E Classical Thermodynamics

PHYS 3046E Mechanical Properties of Solids and Fluids

PHYS 3107E Theoretical Physics II

PHYS 3116E Advanced Laboratory I

PHYS 3416E Introductory Quantum Mechanics

PHYS 3466E Theoretical Classical Physics

PHYS 4067E Instrumentation

PHYS 4106E Topics in Theoretical Physics

PHYS 4137E Advanced Modern Optics

PHYS 4406E Electromagnetic Theory

PHYS 4417E Advanced Quantum Mechanics

PHYS 4426E Introductory Solid State Physics

PHYS 4437E Statistical Thermodynamics

PHYS 4457E Nuclear and Particle Physics

maximum 9 credits from the following:

PHYS 2506E Medical Radiation Physics

PHYS 2606E Biophysics of Fluids

PHYS 2616E Physics of Hearing and Vision

PHYS 2626E Environmental Biophysics

PHYS 3306E Radiobiology and Radiation protection

PHYS 3506E Physics of Medical Imaging

PHYS 3507E Physics of Radiation Therapy

PHYS 3606E Chaos and Dynamical Diseases

PHYS 3616E Use of Lasers and Fibre Optics in Health Sciences

GEOL 4956E Geophysics

MATH 1036E**

MATH 1037E

12 credits from the Humanities and/or Social Sciences

60 elective credits#

* Students must take these courses in sequence and respect the course prerequisites as indicated in the course description.

** Students lacking grade 12 4U Advanced Functions or who have attained a grade of less than 60% must first take MATH 1912.

# Students must complete either a minor (24 credits) or a second major (42 credits) from the courses not used in the Physics major.

Note: Students may not exceed 48 credits at the 1000 or 9100 level in their degree program.

**Bachelor of Science (3 year) in Physics**

Total 90 credits

Students must follow these __regulations__ in order to meet graduation requirements for the BA or B.Sc.

**Concentration in Physics**

First Year

CHMI 1006E/F General Chemistry I*

CHMI 1007E/F General Chemistry II

COSC 1046E Computer Science I

COSC 1047E Computer Science II

MATH 1036E/F Calculus I**

MATH 1037E/F Calculus II

MATH 1057E/F Linear Algebra I

PHYS 1006E/F Introductory Physics I

PHYS 1007E/F Introductory Physics II

3 elective credits#

*Students lacking grade 12 4U Chemistry must first take CHMI 1041.

**Students lacking grade 12 4U Advanced Functions or who have attained a grade of less than 60% must first take MATH 1912.

Second Year

PHYS 2006E Introduction to Electricity and Electronics

PHYS 2016E Modern Physics

PHYS 2017E Introduction to Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 2117E Experimental Physics

PHYS 2137E Modern Optics

PHYS 2406E Mechanics I

PHYS 2407E Mechanics II

MATH 2066E/F Introduction to Differential Equations

STAT 2246E/F Statistics for Scientists

3 elective credits#

Third Year

PHYS 3036E Classical Thermodynamics

PHYS 3116E Advanced Laboratory I

PHYS 3416E Introductory Quantum Mechanics

21 elective credits#

#Elective credits selection. A total of 27 elective credits must be chosen according to the following:

- Elective courses should be chosen in consultation with the Academic Advisor;
- Maximum of 21 credits at 1000 and/or 9100 level courses;
- Minimum of 12 credits from the Arts;
- Minimum of 9 credits must be chosen from the list below,

**List of Physics Electives**

PHYS 2506E – Medical Radiation Physics

PHYS 3017E – Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 3046E – Mechanical Properties of Solids and Fluids

PHYS 3107E – Theoretical Physics II

PHYS 3306E – Radiobiology and Radiation Protection

PHYS 3466E – Theoretical Classical Physics

PHYS 3506E – Physics of Medical Imaging

PHYS 3507E – Physics of Radiation Therapy

PHYS 3606E – Chaos and Dynamical Diseases

PHYS 3616E – Use of Lasers and Fibre Optics in Health Sciences

PHYS 3706E – Physics Laboratory Project II

PHYS 3816E – Computational Physics I

PHYS 3906E – Topics in Astronomy and Space Science

PHYS 3907E – Astronomy Research Project

PHYS 3916E – Foundations of Astronomy and the Physical Sciences

PHYS 4067E – Instrumentation

PHYS 4406E – Electromagnetic Theory

PHYS 4417E – Advanced Quantum Mechanics

PHYS 4426E – Introductory Solid State Physics

PHYS 4437E – Statistical Thermodynamics

PHYS 4457E – Nuclear and Particle Physics

PHYS 4816E – Computational Physics II

Note: Students may not exceed 48 credits at the 1000 or 9100 level in their degree program.

**Minor in Physics**

PHYS 1006E Introductory Physics I

PHYS 1007E Introductory Physics II

18 upper year Physics credits from the following: *

PHYS 2006E Introduction to Electricity and Electronics

PHYS 2016E Modern Physics

PHYS 2017E Introduction to Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 2117E Experimental Physics

PHYS 2137E Modern Optics

PHYS 2406E Mechanics I

PHYS 2407E Mechanics II

PHYS 3017E Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism

PHYS 3036E Classical Thermodynamics

PHYS 3046E Mechanical Properties of Solids and Fluids

PHYS 3107E Theoretical Physics II

PHYS 3116E Advanced Laboratory I

PHYS 3416E Introductory Quantum Mechanics

PHYS 3466E Theoretical Classical Physics

PHYS 4067E Instrumentation

PHYS 4106E Topics in Theoretical Physics

PHYS 4137E Advanced Modern Optics

PHYS 4406E Electromagnetic Theory

PHYS 4417E Advanced Quantum Mechanics

PHYS 4426E Introductory Solid State Physics

PHYS 4437E Statistical Thermodynamics

PHYS 4457E Nuclear and Particle Physics

maximum 6 credits from the following:

PHYS 2506E Medical Radiation Physics

PHYS 2606E Biophysics of Fluids

PHYS 2616E Physics of Hearing and Vision

PHYS 2626E Environmental Biophysics

PHYS 3306E Radiobiology and Radiation protection

PHYS 3506E Physics of Medical Imaging

PHYS 3507E Physics of Radiation Therapy

PHYS 3606E Chaos and Dynamical Diseases

PHYS 3616E Use of Lasers and Fibre Optics in Health Sciences

GEOL 4956E Geophysics

* Students must take these courses in sequence and respect the course prerequisites as indicated in the course description.

Note: Students who wish to complete a minor in Physics must also complete MATH 1036/1037 as these courses are prerequisites for many upper year PHYS courses.